The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is formed by the mandibular condyle, the articular eminence, and the fossa of the temporal bone. The articular disc is located between them.
The TMJ function enables the movement of the jaw for actions such as eating, yawning, and speaking.
Temporomandibular dysfunctions limit the movements of the jaw and can cause limitation of the mouth opening, headache, pain in the neck, ear and jaw, and/or clicking sounds when opening or closing the mouth.
A bad occlusion (the way in which we bite), facial asymmetries, bruxism or cervical alterations are some of the causes that in turn can trigger muscle problems.
TMJ overload is one of the most common causes of muscle problems, producing myofascial pain syndrome.